This post is for the “ID geek” -  those of us who revel in understanding instructional design theories, models and strategies and using them to inform our work.

There are many evidence-based instructional design theories and models out there, each coming from a different theoretical basis!

Our favorites include:

  • 4C/ID Model (Van Merrienboer)
  • Cognitive Load Theory (Sweller)
  • First Principles of Instruction (Merrill)
  • Problem-Based Learning (PBL) (Barrows)
  • Cognitive Apprenticeship (Collins, Brown and Newman)
  • Social Cognitive Theory (Albert Bandura)
  • Spiral Curriculum Theory (Bruner)
  • ARCS Model (Keller)

As we have spent a good deal of time utilizing these models as the basis for work we do, we have discovered that great overlaps and similarities exist among them. One might be the undergirding for another. Another might be the basis for several. 

Here at Change By Design, we leverage a combination of these models, which requires a very high understanding of the skills to be instructed in the curriculum, as well as how the skills combine to form the skill set to be instructed.

Here is a flowchart outlining each step, along with a detailed explanation to walk you through our process.